Subcontractor Selection and Risk Analysis Using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Analytic Network Process (ANP) Methods (Case Study at PT. XYZ)


  • Arie Prayogi Interdisciplinary School of Management Technology, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology
  • Suparno Suparno Interdisciplinary School of Management Technology, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology


Analytic Network Process (ANP), FMEA, subcontractors, ConstructionProject


Selecting the right subcontractor for construction work is one of the keys to project success. Therefore, selecting subcontractors requires the right decision. This research aims to create a model for selecting subcontractors for bored pile work by considering the risks of subcontractors by integrating Analytic Network Process (ANP) and FMEA methods at PT XYZ. There are 7 criteria and 13 sub-criteria for boredpile subcontractors that have been confirmed by experts. Meanwhile, the criteria used include cost, working experience, quality, technical, HSE record, productivity, and financial ability. In addition, there are 8 identified risks to subcontractors from 7 criteria. Based on the results of the integration of the ANP and FMEA methods, it produces priority for subcontractor B with a score of 0.7021, subcontractor A with a score of 0. 6151 and subcontractor C with a score of 0.5524. From the results of the ANP and FMEA integration calculations, subcontractor B is a borepile work subcontractor that complies with the criteria for selecting the right subcontractor and has a low risk compared to other subcontractors.


Download data is not yet available.


Albino, V., & Garavelli, A. C. (1998). A neural network application to subcontractor rating in construction firms. International Journal of Project Management, 16(1), 9-14.

Arslan, G., Kivrak, S., Birgonul, M. T., & Dikmen, I. (2008). Improving sub-contractor selection process in construction projects: Web-based sub-contractor evaluation system (WEBSES). Automation in Construction, 17, 480-488.

Asamoah, D., Annan, J., & Nyarko, S. (2012). AHP Approach for Supplier Evaluation and Selection in a Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Firm in Ghana. International Journal of Business and Management, 7.

Chen, S., Lee, H., & Wu, Y. (2008). Applying ANP approach to partner selection for strategic alliance.

Ciptomulyono, U. (2008). Fuzzy Goal Programming Approach for Deriving Priority Weights in the Analytical Hierarchy Proces (AHP) Method. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 171-177.

Hasan, M. A., Shankar, R., & Sarkis, J. (2008). Supplier selection in an agile manufacturing environment using Data Envelopment Analysis and Analytical Network Process. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 4, 523-550.

Hawkins, P. G., & Woollons, D. J. (1998). Failure modes and effects analysis of complex engineering systems using functional models.

Koçak, S., Kazaz, A., & Ulubeyli, S. (2018). Subcontractor selection with additive ratio assessment method. Journal of Construction Engineering, Management & Innovation, 1(1), 18-32.

Kurniawati, D., Yuliando, H., & Widodo, K. H. (2013, Juni). Kriteria Pemilihan Subkontraktor Menggunakan Analytical Network Process. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 15, 25-32.

Li, S., & Zeng, W. (2016). Risk analysis for the supplier selection problem using failure modes and effects analysis ( FMEA ). Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 27, 1309-1321.

Lin, C.-T., Hung, K.-P., & Hu, S.-H. (2018). A Decision-Making Model for Evaluating and Selecting Suppliers for the Sustainable Operation and Development of Enterprises in the Aerospace Industry. Sustainability, 10(735), 1-21.

Oguzhan, K., & Erol, S. (2017). A proactive approach to supply chain risk management : Shifting orders among suppliers to mitigate the supply side risks. Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 23, 54-65.

Pavan, M., & Todeschini, R. (2009). Multicriteria Decision-Making Methods. Elsevier B.V.

Saaty, T. L. (1996). Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback: The Analytic Network Process : the Organization and Prioritization of Complexity. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T. L. (2003). Decision-Making with the AHP Why Is the Principal Eigenvector Necessary. European Journal of Operational Research, 145, 85-89.

Saaty, T. L., & Sodenkamp, M. (2008). Making decisions in hierarchic and network systems. International Journal Applied Decision Sciences, 1, 24-79.

Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2001). Models, Methods, Concepts and Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Norwell: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2006). Decision Making with The Analytic Network Process: Economic, Political, Social, and Technological Applications with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs and Risks. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.

Shahin, A. (2004). Integration of FMEA and the Kano model An exploratory examination.




How to Cite

Prayogi, A., & Suparno, S. (2023). Subcontractor Selection and Risk Analysis Using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Analytic Network Process (ANP) Methods (Case Study at PT. XYZ). Jurnal Sains Dan Teknologi, 5(1), 257-269. Retrieved from