Penyuluhan Hipertensi Sebagai Usaha Peningkatan Pengetahuan pada Warga Desa Jayagiri Lembang

Authors

  • Treesia Sujana Institut Kesehatan Immanuel
  • Imelda MG Sianipar Institut Kesehatan Immanuel
  • Anni Sinaga Institut Kesehatan Immanuel
  • Tri Ardayani Institut Kesehatan Immanuel
  • Reynaldi Tresnajaya Institut Kesehatan Immanuel
  • Wintari Hariningsih Institut Kesehatan Immanuel

Keywords:

Penyuluhan, Hipertensi, Edukasi, Tekanan darah, Komunitas

Abstract

Hypertension is a significant health problem worldwide, especially in Indonesia, where the prevalence of hypertension increases rapidly every year.  Preliminary survey results in Jayagiri Village showed a problem of lack of knowledge and compliance with treatment among the population. Therefore, the Immanuel Institute of Health's community service team is conducting health care activities with the aim of increasing the knowledge of participants about hypertension and its impact. Blood pressure tests of 26 participants showed that 42.3% fall into the category of hypertension. Assessment results show that participants acquired significant knowledge after examination marked by an increase of 38.5% in the number of participants with a good knowledge category. Although Spearman's Rank bivariate test on the initial knowledge variable and blood pressure showed no correlation, increased knowledge is expected to help change towards positive behavior. From the results of this community service, it can be concluded that in achieving ideal blood pressure control, along with health education, additional interventions are needed, such as lifestyle changes and support for in the implementation of hypertension and self-efficacy.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Astutik, E., Puspikawati, S. I., Dewi, D. M. S. K., Mandagi, A. M., & Sebayang, S. K. (2020). Prevalence and Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure among Adults in Banyuwangi Coastal Communities, Indonesia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 30(6), 941–950. https://doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v30i6.12

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, K. K. R. I. (2019). Laporan Riskesdas 2018 Nasional.

Diskominfo Provinsi Jawa Barat. (2021). Jumlah penderita Hipertensi berusia > 15 tahun di Kabupaten/Kota di Jawa Barat. Https://Opendata.Jabarprov.Go.Id/Id/Dataset/Jumlah-Penderita-Hipertensi-Berusia--15-Tahun-Berdasarkan-Kabupatenkota-Di-Jawa-Barat.

Khanal, M. K., Bhandari, P., Dhungana, R. R., Bhandari, P., Rawal, L. B., Gurung, Y., Paudel, K. N., Singh, A., Devkota, S., & de Courten, B. (2021). Effectiveness of community-based health education and home support program to reduce blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled hypertension in Nepal: A cluster-randomized trial. PLoS ONE, 16(10 October). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258406

Korzh, O., Titkova, A., Fylenko, Y., & Lavrova, Y. (2022). Evaluation of health-promoting self-care behaviors in hypertensive patients with concomitant chronic kidney disease in primary care. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 23. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423622000299

Kundapur, R., Modi, B., Rashmi, A., Mendagudli, R. R., Sunhitha, V., & Saxena, D. (2023). A Community Trial in Coastal Karnataka using Life Style Modifications to Assess its Impact on Hypertension and Diabetes. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 48(5), 684–691. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.ijcm_780_22

Lukitasari, M., Nugroho, D., Rohman, M., Mardhotillah, H., Natasya, D., Fitriyawat, F., Kristianingrum, N., & Wibisono, A. (2021). An intervention study for impact assessment of health education by empowered community health workers in improving treatment and diet adherence in hypertension. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 46(4), 618–621. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_895_20

Mashuri, Y. A., Ng, N., & Santosa, A. (2022). Socioeconomic disparities in the burden of hypertension among Indonesian adults - a multilevel analysis. Global Health Action, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2022.2129131

Mozu, I. E., Marfo, A. F. A., Opare-Addo, M., Doma-Her, D. T., & Owusu-Daaku, F. T. (2023). The effectiveness of medication therapy management services in the care of hypertensive patients in a developing setting. Journal of Research in Pharmacy, 27(1), 454–463. https://doi.org/10.29228/jrp.327

Patel, A., Mulkalwar, S., Bhide, H., David, S., Chitale, S., & Tilak, A. (2023). Uncontrolled Hypertension And Associated Factors Among Adult Hypertensive Patients. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results , 14(02), 1687–1695. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.02.214

Setyopranoto, I., Upoyo, A. S., Isworo, A., Sari, Y., & Vidyanti, A. N. (2022). Awareness of Being at Risk of Stroke and Its Determinant Factors among Hypertensive Patients in Banyumas, Indonesia. Stroke Research and Treatment, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/4891134

Singh, J., Dua, M., Dahiya, M., & Bhardwaj, V. (2023). A Descriptive study to find out risk factors of hypertension among hypertensive patients among the patient visiting a tertiary care center. European Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine , 13(3). https://www.healthcare-bulletin.co.uk/

Villar, J. C., Vásquez, S. M., Balcázar, A. M., López, L. A. T., Barrera, E. C., & Moreno, A. M. (2023). Reporting of blood pressure levels and self-monitoring practices: a survey among outpatients diagnosed with hypertension in Bogotá, Colombia. BMC Primary Care, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-023-02111-8

World Health Organization. (2023). Global report on hypertension The race against a silent killer.

Downloads

Published

2024-01-20

How to Cite

Sujana, T., Sianipar, I. M. ., Sinaga, A. ., Ardayani, T. ., Tresnajaya, R. ., & Hariningsih, W. . (2024). Penyuluhan Hipertensi Sebagai Usaha Peningkatan Pengetahuan pada Warga Desa Jayagiri Lembang. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Nusantara, 5(1), 13-19. Retrieved from https://ejournal.sisfokomtek.org/index.php/jpkm/article/view/2213